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mineralogie elementen Li lithium

Li - lithium - ALKALIMETAAL

Lithium is het chemische element met atoomnummer 3, symbool Li. Het is een alkalimetaal. Zuiver lithium is het lichtste metaal, het is zacht, zilvergrijs van kleur. Het reageert gemakkelijk bij contact met water of lucht. Het is brandbaar, niet erg overvloedig en wordt gebruikt in veel industriële toepassingen: cellen en batterijen, vetten, glazen en keramiek, polymeren ...
180.5°
1317°
6.942
1
3
Li
[He] 2s1
2
1
0.98
5.3917
Synthetisch
Radioactief
Vloeistof
Gasvormig
lithium Elektronisch configuratiediagram
Elektronisch configuratiediagram

Nom lithium
Aantal 3
Atomair 6.942
Symbool Li
Fusie 180.5
Koken 1317
Dichtheid 0.534
Periode 2
Groep 1
Ontdekking 1817 Arfvedson
Overvloed 20
Straal 2.1
Elektronegativiteit 0.98
Ionisatie 5.3917
Aantal isotopen 5
Elektronische configuratie [He] 2s1
Oxidatie stelt 1
Elektron op energieniveau 2,1

Mineralen Hardheid Dichtheid Formule
Aleksandrovite 4.00 / 4.50 3.07 KLi3Ca7Sn2(SiO3)12F2
Alumino-ottoliniite NaLi(Mg3Al2)Si8O22(OH)2
Amblygonite 5.50 / 6.00 2.98 LiAlPO4F
Arrojadite-(KNa) KNa3(CaNa2)Fe2+13Al(PO4)11(PO3OH)(OH)2
Arrojadite-(SrFe) SrFe2+(CaNa2)Fe2+13Al(PO4)11(PO3OH)(OH)2
Balestraite 2.50 / 3.00 2.95 KLi2V5+Si4O12
Balipholite 5.00 / 5.50 3.33 LiBaMg2Al3(Si2O6)2(OH)8
Baratovite 3.50 / 3.50 2.92 KLi3Ca7Ti2(SiO3)12F2
Berezanskite 2.50 / 3.00 2.66 KTi2(Li3Si12)O30
Bertossaite 6.00 / 6.00 3.10 Li2CaAl4(PO4)4(OH)4
Bikitaite 6.00 / 6.00 2.28 LiAlSi2O6·H2O
Bityite 5.50 / 5.50 3.00 CaLiAl2(Si2BeAl)O10(OH)2
Borocookeite 3.00 / 3.00 2.62 LiAl4(Si3B)O10(OH)8
Brannockite 5.00 / 6.00 2.98 KSn2(Li3Si12)O30
Bulgakite Li2(Ca,Na)Fe2+7Ti2(Si4O12)2O2(OH)4(F,O)(H2O)2
Ciprianiite Ca4(Th,REE)2Al(B4Si4O22)(OH)2
Clino-ferri-holmquistite 6.00 / 6.00 3.25 Li2(Mg3Fe3+2)Si8O22(OH)2
Clino-ferro-ferri-holmquistite 6.00 / 6.00 3.24 Li2(Fe2+3Fe3+2)Si8O22(OH)2
Clinoferroholmquistite 5.00 / 6.00 Li2[Fe2+3Al2]Si8O22(OH,F)2
Colquiriite 4.00 / 4.00 2.94 CaLiAlF6
Cookeite 2.50 / 2.50 2.67 (Al,Li)3Al2(Si,Al)4O10(OH)8
Cryolithionite 2.50 / 2.50 2.78 Na3Al2(LiF4)3
Darapiosite 5.00 / 5.00 2.92 KNa2Mn2(Li2ZnSi12)O30
Darrellhenryite 7.00 / 7.00 3.04 NaLiAl2Al6(BO3)3Si6O18(OH)3O
Dickinsonite-(KMnNa) 3.50 / 4.00 3.42 K(NaMn)CaNa3AlMn13(PO4)12(OH)2
Diomignite Li2B4O7
Dusmatovite 4.50 / 4.50 2.96 KK2Mn2(Zn2LiSi12)O30
Elbaite 7.50 / 7.50 2.90 Na(Al1.5Li1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3OH
Eliseevite 5.00 / 5.00 2.71 Na1.5Li[Ti2O2(Si4O10.5(OH)1.5)]·2H2O
Emeleusite 5.00 / 6.00 2.76 Na2LiFe3+Si6O15
Ephesite 3.50 / 4.50 2.98 NaLiAl2(Si2Al2)O10(OH)2
Eucryptite 6.50 / 6.50 2.67 LiAlSiO4
Faizievite 4.00 / 4.50 2.82 Li6K2Na(Ca6Na)Ti4(Si6O18)2(Si12O30)F2
Ferri-fluoro-leakeite NaNa2(Mg2Fe3+2Li)Si8O22F2
Ferri-leakeite 5.50 / 6.00 3.11 NaNa2(Mg2Fe3+2Li)Si8O22(OH)2
Ferri-ottoliniite 5.00 / 6.00 NaLi(Fe3+2Mg3)Si8O22(OH)2
Ferri-pedrizite 6.00 / 6.00 3.19 NaLi2[Fe3+2Mg2Li]Si8O22(OH)2
Ferrisicklerite 4.00 / 4.00 3.41 Li1-x(Fe3+,Mn2+)PO4
Ferriwhittakerite 6.00 / 6.00 Na(NaLi)(Mg2Fe3+2Li)Si8O22(OH)2
Ferro-ferri-fluoro-leakeite 6.00 / 6.00 NaNa2(Fe2+2Fe3+2Li)Si8O22F2
Ferro-ferri-pedrizite 6.00 / 6.00 3.23 NaLi2(LiFe2+2Fe3+2)Si8O22(OH)2
Ferro-fluoro-pedrizite 3.12 NaLi2(Fe2+2Al2Li)Si8O22F2
Ferro-holmquistite 5.00 / 6.00 3.15 Li2(Fe2+3Al2)Si8O22(OH)2
Ferro-pedrizite 3.14 NaLi2(Fe2+2Al2Li)Si8O22(OH)2
Ferroleakeite NaNa2(Fe2+2Fe3+2Li)Si8O22(OH)2
Ferropedrizite Li3(LiFe2+2Fe3+Al)Si8O22(OH)2
Fluor-elbaite Na(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3F
Fluor-liddicoatite 7.50 / 7.50 3.05 Ca(Li2Al)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3F
Fluorannite 3.00 / 3.00 3.15 KFe2+3(Si3Al)O10F2
Fluoro-leakeite 6.00 / 6.00 3.14 NaNa2(Mg2Al2Li)Si8O22F2
Fluoro-pedrizite NaLi2(Mg2Al2Li)Si8O22F2
Fluorophlogopite 2.00 / 3.00 2.83 KMg3(Si3Al)O10F2
Footemineite 4.50 / 4.50 2.87 Ca2Mn2+5Be4(PO4)6(OH)4·6H2O
Gainesite 4.00 / 4.00 2.94 Na2(Be,Li)Zr2(PO4)4·1.5H2O
Griceite 4.50 / 4.50 2.62 LiF
Griphite 5.50 / 5.50 3.40 Ca(Mn2+,Na,Li)6Fe2+Al2(PO4)6(F,OH)2
Hectorite 1.00 / 2.00 2.00 Na0.3(Mg,Li)3Si4O10(F,OH)2·nH2O
Hellandite-(Ce) 5.50 / 6.00 (Ca,REE)4Ce2Al(Be,Li)2-xB4Si4O22(OH)2
Hellandite-(Y) 5.50 / 6.00 3.70 (Ca,REE)4Y2Al(Be,Li)2-xB4Si4O22(OH)2
Holmquistite 5.50 / 5.50 3.06 Li2(Mg3Al2)Si8O22(OH)2
Hsianghualite 6.50 / 6.50 2.97 Li2Ca3Be3(SiO4)3F2
Jadarite 4.00 / 5.00 2.45 LiNaB3SiO7(OH)
Jarlite 4.00 / 4.50 3.87 Na2(Sr,Na)14Mg2Al12F64(OH,H2O)4
Katayamalite 3.50 / 4.00 2.91 KLi3Ca7Ti2(SiO3)12(OH)2
Kornerupine 7.00 / 7.00 3.30 (Mg,Fe2+,Al)10(Si,Al,B)5O21(OH,F)
Kupletskite-(Cs) 4.00 / 4.00 3.68 Cs2NaMn2+7Ti2(Si4O12)2O2(OH)4F
Lavinskyite K(LiCu)Cu6(Si4O11)2(OH)4
Liberite 7.00 / 7.00 2.69 Li2BeSiO4
Liguriaite K(LiCu)Cu6(Si4O11)2(OH)4
Lintisite 5.00 / 6.00 2.77 Na3LiTi2O2(SiO3)4·2H2O
Lithiomarsturite 6.00 / 6.00 3.32 LiCa2Mn2+2Si5O14(OH)
Lithiophilite 4.00 / 5.00 3.34 LiMn2+PO4
Lithiophorite 2.50 / 3.00 3.14 (Al,Li)Mn4+O2(OH)2
Lithiophosphate 4.00 / 4.00 2.48 Li3PO4
Lithiotantite 6.00 / 6.50 7.00 LiTa3O8
Lithiowodginite 5.00 / 6.00 7.50 LiTa3O8
Londonite 8.00 / 8.00 3.34 CsBe5Al4B11O28
Luanshiweiite 3.00 / 3.00 2.87 KLiAl1.5(Si3.5Al0.5)O10(OH)2
Lunijianlaite 2.00 / 2.00 2.75 Li0.7Al6.2(Si7Al)20(OH,O)10
Magnesioneptunite 5.00 / 6.00 3.15 KNa2LiMg2Ti2Si8O24
Magnesiostaurolite 7.00 / 7.50 3.54 Mg(Mg,Li)3(Al,Mg)18Si8O44(OH)4
Manandonite 2.50 / 3.50 2.89 Li2Al4(Si2AlB)O10(OH)8
Mangani-dellaventuraite 5.00 / 5.00 3.18 NaNa2(MgMn3+2LiTi4+)Si8O22O2
Manganoneptunite 5.00 / 6.00 3.23 KNa2LiMn2+2Ti2Si8O24
Masutomilite 2.50 / 2.50 2.94 KLiAlMn2+(Si3Al)O10(F,OH)2
Mccrillisite 4.50 / 4.50 3.12 NaCs(Be,Li)Zr2(PO4)4·1-2H2O
Montebrasite 5.50 / 6.00 3.03 LiAlPO4(OH)
Nalipoite 4.00 / 4.00 2.58 NaLi2PO4
Nalivkinite 3.29 Li2NaFe2+7Ti2(Si4O12)2O2(OH)4F
Nambulite 6.50 / 6.50 3.51 LiMn2+4Si5O14(OH)
Nanlingite 2.50 / 2.50 3.93 NaCa5LiMg12(AsO3)2[Fe2+(AsO3)6]F14
Nanpingite 2.50 / 3.00 3.11 CsAl2(Si3Al)O10(OH)2
Natromontebrasite 5.50 / 5.50 3.04 NaAlPO4(OH)
Natronambulite 5.50 / 6.00 3.51 NaMn2+4Si5O14(OH)
Neptunite 5.00 / 6.00 3.23 KNa2LiFe2+2Ti2Si8O24
Norrishite 2.50 / 2.50 3.26 KLiMn3+2Si4O12
Okanoganite-(Y) 4.00 / 4.00 4.35 (Y,REE,Ca,Na,Th)16(Fe3+,Ti)(Si,B,P)10(O,OH)38F10
Olympite 4.00 / 4.00 2.80 LiNa5(PO4)2
Orlovite 2.00 / 3.00 2.01 KLi2TiSi4O10(OF)